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Android development Notes-3(Activity, Intents, and Tasks, Service, Content provider)

时间:2016-02-26 23:42:39      阅读:356      评论:0      收藏:0      [点我收藏+]

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Summary:Activity, Intents, and Tasks, Service, Content provider

-Android introduces a richer and more complex approach by supporting multiple application entry points. Android programs should expect the system to start them in different places, depending on where the user is coming from and what she wants to do next

Activity, Intents, and Tasks

-An Android activity is both a unit of user interaction—typically filling the whole screen of an Android mobile device—and a unit of execution

-The unit of communication is the  Intent class. An  Intent represents an abstract description of a function that one activity requires another activity to perform, such as taking a picture.

public class TestActivity extends Activity {
/** Called when the activity is first created. */
@Override
public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
setContentView(R.layout.main);
}
}
-The  onCreate method kicks off the life cycle of the  Activity 
 -An  Activity interacts with the Android runtime to implement key aspects of the application life cycle. Each activity can also be independently configured, through a  Context class

-Each activity in an Android application is largely separate from other activities. The code that implements one activity does not directly call methods in the code that implements another activity.

-Instead of a user interface flow control based on method calls, applications describe an Intent that they want to execute and ask the system to find one that matches. 

技术分享

Service

-The Android  Service class is for background tasks that may be active but not visible on the screen.

-The Android platform avoids reclaiming service resources, so once a service starts, it is likely to be available unless memory gets extremely constrained.

Content provider

-Content provider components are roughly analogous to a RESTful web service: you find them using a URI, and the operations of a  ContentProvider subclass parallel RESTful web operations such as putting and getting data.

-REST stands for “Representational State Transfer.”

-Content provider components are the heart of the Android content model: by providing a  ContentProvider , your application can share data with other applications and manage the data model of an application.

-A companion class,  ContentResolver , enables other components in an Android system to find content providers.

-Due to its importance in Android, we provide a brief introduction here to writing a client that uses a content provider

-Activities access specific content provider instances using the  ContentResolver class and associated URLs as follows:

// code from an activity method
ContentProviderClient client = getContentResolver().
acquireContentProviderClient("content://contacts/people");
ContentProvider provider = client.getLocalContentProvider();
-Together with the  Activity component of an Android application, content providers provide the necessary parts of a Model-View-Controller (MVC) architecture.



Android development Notes-3(Activity, Intents, and Tasks, Service, Content provider)

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原文地址:http://blog.csdn.net/yu444/article/details/50734176

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