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OWIN 自宿主模式WebApi项目,WebApi层作为单独类库供OWIN调用

时间:2017-06-19 22:07:49      阅读:243      评论:0      收藏:0      [点我收藏+]

标签:cer   iap   例子   ict   src   是什么   win   extends   gen   

为什么我们需要OWIN

过去,IIS作为.NET开发者来说是最常用的Web Server(没有之一),源于微软产品的紧耦合关系,我们不得不将Website、Web Application、Web API等部署在IIS上,事实上在2010年前并没有什么不妥,但随着近些年来Web的发展,特别是移动互联网飞速发展,IIS作为Web Server已经暴露出他的不足了。主要体现在两个方面,ASP.NET (System.Web)紧耦合IIS,IIS紧耦合OS,这就意味着,我们的Web Framework必须部署在微软的操作系统上,难以跨平台。
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OWIN是什么?在本文里面就不进行赘述,网上有很多介绍OWIN的信息以及优缺点的博文,这里可以给几个链接大家进行自行参考:
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下面我们重点介绍我在搭建OWIN自宿主平台的过程,对于我是学习的过程,对于想要接触他的大家来说,也是一种帮助。
很多人搭建的OWIN+WebApi项目都是写在一个项目中的,我个人为了代码的隔离,将控制器层写在了另外一个项目中,这样有助于后期大型框架的形成。
下面是搭建步骤:
1、首先新建一个控制台应用程序和一个.NETFramework类库项目,控制台引用类库项目。
项目结构如下图所示:
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OWIN.WebApi WebApi层

OWIN.WebApi.Sv WebApi服务层,将要作为启动项!

2、控制台项目使用NuGet引用需要的类库:
  OWIN
  Microsoft.Owin.Hosting
  Microsoft.Owin.Host.HttpListener
  Microsoct.AspNet.WebApi.Owin
  这里需要手动从WebApi项目里面找到System.Web.Web,System.Net.Http等Web类库进行引用。
  OWIN.WebApi.Srv层的引用情况(我这里有跨域配置,不需要的请忽略)
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  在OWIN.WebApi层,我们需要同样引用Web的类库,我们才可以在WebApi项目控制器层继承自ApiController
    OWIN.WebApi层的引用情况(我这里有跨域配置,不需要的请忽略)
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 3、因为WebApi层要分开类库项目写,所以这里比一般的OWIN要多一些配置,在我项目的OWIN.WebApi层的config目录下,我新建了一个Global.cs类,里面的代码是对控制器的解析,代码展示如下:
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  1 using System.Web.Http;
  2 using System.Web.Http.Dispatcher;
  3 using System;
  4 using System.Collections.Concurrent;
  5 using System.Collections.Generic;
  6 using System.Linq;
  7 using System.Net;
  8 using System.Net.Http;
  9 using System.Web.Http.Controllers;
 10 
 11 namespace OWIN.WebApi.config
 12 {
 13     public class WebApiApplication : System.Web.HttpApplication
 14     {
 15         protected void Application_Start()
 16         {
 17             //ignore the xml return it`s setting let json return only 
 18             GlobalConfiguration.Configuration.Formatters.JsonFormatter.SerializerSettings.ReferenceLoopHandling = Newtonsoft.Json.ReferenceLoopHandling.Ignore;
 19             GlobalConfiguration.Configuration.Formatters.Remove(GlobalConfiguration.Configuration.Formatters.XmlFormatter);
 20 
 21             GlobalConfiguration.Configuration.Services.Replace(typeof(IHttpControllerSelector),
 22             new WebApiControllerSelector(GlobalConfiguration.Configuration));
 23         }
 24     }
 25     /// <summary>
 26     /// the WebApiControllerSelector
 27     /// author:qixiao
 28     /// time:2017-1-31 19:24:32
 29     /// </summary>
 30     public class WebApiControllerSelector : DefaultHttpControllerSelector
 31     {
 32         private const string NamespaceRouteVariableName = "Namespace";
 33         private readonly HttpConfiguration _configuration;
 34         private readonly Lazy<ConcurrentDictionary<string, Type>> _apiControllerCache;
 35 
 36         public WebApiControllerSelector(HttpConfiguration configuration)
 37             : base(configuration)
 38         {
 39             _configuration = configuration;
 40             _apiControllerCache = new Lazy<ConcurrentDictionary<string, Type>>(
 41                 new Func<ConcurrentDictionary<string, Type>>(InitializeApiControllerCache));
 42         }
 43 
 44         private ConcurrentDictionary<string, Type> InitializeApiControllerCache()
 45         {
 46             IAssembliesResolver assembliesResolver = this._configuration.Services.GetAssembliesResolver();
 47             var types = this._configuration.Services.GetHttpControllerTypeResolver()
 48                 .GetControllerTypes(assembliesResolver).ToDictionary(t => t.FullName, t => t);
 49 
 50             return new ConcurrentDictionary<string, Type>(types);
 51         }
 52 
 53         public IEnumerable<string> GetControllerFullName(HttpRequestMessage request, string controllerName)
 54         {
 55             object namespaceName;
 56             var data = request.GetRouteData();
 57             IEnumerable<string> keys = _apiControllerCache.Value.ToDictionary<KeyValuePair<string, Type>, string, Type>(t => t.Key,
 58                     t => t.Value, StringComparer.CurrentCultureIgnoreCase).Keys.ToList();
 59 
 60             if (!data.Values.TryGetValue(NamespaceRouteVariableName, out namespaceName))
 61             {
 62                 return from k in keys
 63                        where k.EndsWith(string.Format(".{0}{1}", controllerName,
 64                        DefaultHttpControllerSelector.ControllerSuffix), StringComparison.CurrentCultureIgnoreCase)
 65                        select k;
 66             }
 67 
 68             string[] namespaces = (string[])namespaceName;
 69             return from n in namespaces
 70                    join k in keys on string.Format("{0}.{1}{2}", n, controllerName,
 71                    DefaultHttpControllerSelector.ControllerSuffix).ToLower() equals k.ToLower()
 72                    select k;
 73         }
 74 
 75         public override HttpControllerDescriptor SelectController(HttpRequestMessage request)
 76         {
 77             Type type;
 78             if (request == null)
 79             {
 80                 throw new ArgumentNullException("request");
 81             }
 82             string controllerName = this.GetControllerName(request);
 83             if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(controllerName))
 84             {
 85                 throw new HttpResponseException(request.CreateErrorResponse(HttpStatusCode.NotFound,
 86                     string.Format("No route providing a controller name was found to match request URI ‘{0}‘", new object[] { request.RequestUri })));
 87             }
 88             IEnumerable<string> fullNames = GetControllerFullName(request, controllerName);
 89             if (fullNames.Count() == 0)
 90             {
 91                 throw new HttpResponseException(request.CreateErrorResponse(HttpStatusCode.NotFound,
 92                         string.Format("No route providing a controller name was found to match request URI ‘{0}‘", new object[] { request.RequestUri })));
 93             }
 94 
 95             if (this._apiControllerCache.Value.TryGetValue(fullNames.First(), out type))
 96             {
 97                 return new HttpControllerDescriptor(_configuration, controllerName, type);
 98             }
 99             throw new HttpResponseException(request.CreateErrorResponse(HttpStatusCode.NotFound,
100                 string.Format("No route providing a controller name was found to match request URI ‘{0}‘", new object[] { request.RequestUri })));
101         }
102     }
103 }
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4、在OWIN.WebApi.Srv层里面新建AppStart.cs类,并且写如下代码:

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 1 using Microsoft.Owin.Hosting;
 2 using System;
 3 using Owin;
 4 using System.Web.Http;
 5 using System.Web.Http.Dispatcher;
 6 using QX_Frame.App.WebApi.Extends;
 7 using System.Web.Http.Cors;
 8 
 9 namespace OWIN.WebApi.Srv
10 {
11     class AppStart
12     {
13         static void Main(string[] args)
14         {
15             //string baseAddress = "http://localhost:3999/";    //localhost visit
16             string baseAddress = "http://+:3999/";              //all internet environment visit  
17             try
18             {
19                 WebApp.Start<StartUp>(url: baseAddress);
20                 Console.WriteLine("BaseIpAddress is " + baseAddress);
21                 Console.WriteLine("\nApplication Started !");
22             }
23             catch (Exception ex)
24             {
25                 Console.WriteLine(ex.ToString());
26             }
27 
28             for (;;)
29             {
30                 Console.ReadLine();
31             }
32         }
33     }
34     //the start up configuration
35     class StartUp
36     {
37         public void Configuration(IAppBuilder appBuilder)
38         {
39             HttpConfiguration config = new HttpConfiguration();
40 
41             // Web API configuration and services
42             //跨域配置 //need reference from nuget
43             config.EnableCors(new EnableCorsAttribute("*", "*", "*"));
44             //enabing attribute routing
45             config.MapHttpAttributeRoutes();
46             // Web API Convention-based routing.
47             config.Routes.MapHttpRoute(
48                 name: "DefaultApi",
49                 routeTemplate: "api/{controller}/{id}",
50                 defaults: new { id = RouteParameter.Optional },
51                 namespaces: new string[] { "OWIN.WebApi" }
52             );
53             config.Services.Replace(typeof(IHttpControllerSelector), new OWIN.WebApi.config.WebApiControllerSelector(config));
54 
55             //if config the global filter input there need not write the attributes
56             //config.Filters.Add(new App.Web.Filters.ExceptionAttribute_DG());
57 
58             //new ClassRegisters(); //register ioc menbers
59 
60             appBuilder.UseWebApi(config);
61         }
62     }
63 }
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里面对地址进行了配置,当然可以根据需求自行配置,显示信息也进行了适当的展示,需要说明的一点是,我这里进行了跨域的配置,没有配置或者是不需要的请注释掉并忽略!

这里需要注意的是第53行,这里引用的是刚才的OWIN.WebApi层的Global.cs里面的类,请对照上述两段代码进行查找。

这行是关键,有了这行,程序才可以扫描到WebApi层的Controller。好了,我们进行Controller的书写。
5、在OWIN.WebApi层进行控制器类的编写,这里随意,我只在这里列出我的例子。
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 1 using QX_Frame.App.WebApi;
 2 using QX_Frame.Helper_DG;
 3 using System.Web.Http;
 4 
 5 namespace OWIN.WebApi
 6 {
 7     /*
 8      * author:qixiao
 9      * time:2017-2-27 10:32:57
10      **/
11     public class Test1Controller:ApiController
12     {
13         //access http://localhost:3999/api/Test1  get method
14         public IHttpActionResult GetTest()
15         {
16             //throw new Exception_DG("login id , pwd", "argumets can not be null", 11111, 2222);
17             return Json(new { IsSuccess = true, Msg = "this is get method" });
18         }
19         //access http://localhost:3999/api/Test1  post method
20         public IHttpActionResult PostTest(dynamic queryData)
21         {
22             return Json(new { IsSuccess = true, Msg = "this is post method",Data=queryData });
23         }
24         //access http://localhost:3999/api/Test1  put method
25         public IHttpActionResult PutTest()
26         {
27             return Json(new { IsSuccess = true, Msg = "this is put method" });
28         }
29         //access http://localhost:3999/api/Test1  delete method
30         public IHttpActionResult DeleteTest()
31         {
32             return Json(new { IsSuccess = true, Msg = "this is delete method" });
33         }
34     }
35 }
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这里我是用的是RESTFull风格的WebApi控制器接口。

 然后我们可以进行试运行:

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服务启动成功!

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测试通过,我们可以尽情地探索后续开发步骤!

 

OWIN 自宿主模式WebApi项目,WebApi层作为单独类库供OWIN调用

标签:cer   iap   例子   ict   src   是什么   win   extends   gen   

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