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Java大型项目开发(1):配置Dubbox

时间:2019-03-12 09:21:45      阅读:132      评论:0      收藏:0      [点我收藏+]

标签:spring容器   lte   patch   iba   报错   服务   play   alibaba   ade   

CentOS的配置:

1.给CentOS安装Zookeeper:

网络配置成仅主机

上传tar.gz:比如用FTP

tar -xvzf ...

cd zookeeper

mkdir data

cd conf

mv zoo_sample.cfg zoo.cfg

vi zoo.cfg

修改这一行:

dataDir=/soft/zookeeper-3.4.6/data

 

然后就可以运行了:

cd bin

./zkServer.sh start

 

下面做一个最基本的Demo,返回一个固定的名称即可:

服务提供方:

Maven新建项目:

技术图片

 

搭建一个基本的Maven架构:

目录结构:

技术图片

pom.xml:

技术图片
<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
    xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
    <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
    <groupId>org.dreamtech.demo</groupId>
    <artifactId>dubboxdemo-service</artifactId>
    <version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
    <packaging>war</packaging>
    <properties>
        <spring.version>4.2.4.RELEASE</spring.version>
    </properties>

    <dependencies>
        <!-- Spring -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-context</artifactId>
            <version>${spring.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-beans</artifactId>
            <version>${spring.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-webmvc</artifactId>
            <version>${spring.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-jdbc</artifactId>
            <version>${spring.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-aspects</artifactId>
            <version>${spring.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-jms</artifactId>
            <version>${spring.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-context-support</artifactId>
            <version>${spring.version}</version>
        </dependency>

        <!-- dubbo相关 -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>com.alibaba</groupId>
            <artifactId>dubbo</artifactId>
            <version>2.8.4</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.apache.zookeeper</groupId>
            <artifactId>zookeeper</artifactId>
            <version>3.4.6</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>com.github.sgroschupf</groupId>
            <artifactId>zkclient</artifactId>
            <version>0.1</version>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>javassist</groupId>
            <artifactId>javassist</artifactId>
            <version>3.11.0.GA</version>
        </dependency>

    </dependencies>
    <build>
        <plugins>
            <plugin>
                <groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
                <artifactId>maven-compiler-plugin</artifactId>
                <version>2.3.2</version>
                <configuration>
                    <source>1.7</source>
                    <target>1.7</target>
                </configuration>
            </plugin>
            <plugin>
                <groupId>org.apache.tomcat.maven</groupId>
                <artifactId>tomcat7-maven-plugin</artifactId>
                <configuration>
                    <!-- 指定端口 -->
                    <port>8081</port>
                    <!-- 请求路径 -->
                    <path>/</path>
                </configuration>
            </plugin>
        </plugins>
    </build>
</project>
View Code

 

新建web-inf目录然后加入web.xml:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<web-app xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
    xmlns="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee"
    xsi:schemaLocation="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee/web-app_2_5.xsd"
    version="2.5">
    <!-- 加载spring容器 -->
    <context-param>
        <param-name>contextConfigLocation</param-name>
        <param-value>classpath:applicationContext*.xml</param-value>
    </context-param>
    <listener>
        <listener-class>org.springframework.web.context.ContextLoaderListener</listener-class>
    </listener>
</web-app>

 

然后Spring配置文件applicationxxx.xml,先写一个空架子:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
    xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns:p="http://www.springframework.org/schema/p"
    xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
    xmlns:dubbo="http://code.alibabatech.com/schema/dubbo" xmlns:mvc="http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc"
    xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc/spring-mvc.xsd
        http://code.alibabatech.com/schema/dubbo http://code.alibabatech.com/schema/dubbo/dubbo.xsd
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/context http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context.xsd">
</beans>

 

正式开始写个Demo:

package org.dreamtech.demo.service;

public interface UserService {
    public String getName();
}

 

package org.dreamtech.demo.service.impl;

import org.dreamtech.demo.service.UserService;

import com.alibaba.dubbo.config.annotation.Service;

@Service
public class UserServiceImpl implements UserService {

    @Override
    public String getName() {
        return "dreamtech";
    }

}

 

修改配置文件:zookeeper配为CentOS的IP

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
    xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns:p="http://www.springframework.org/schema/p"
    xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
    xmlns:dubbo="http://code.alibabatech.com/schema/dubbo" xmlns:mvc="http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc"
    xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc/spring-mvc.xsd
        http://code.alibabatech.com/schema/dubbo http://code.alibabatech.com/schema/dubbo/dubbo.xsd
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/context http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context.xsd">
<dubbo:application name="dubboxdemo-service"/>
<dubbo:registry address="zookeeper://192.168.25.100:2181"/>
<dubbo:annotation package="org.dreamtech.demo.service.impl"/>
</beans>

 

运行:Maven Build

技术图片

 

 

运行之后,需要再配置服务消费方

和上边一样的新建方式,不过取名为dubboxdemo-web

pom.xml文件有一个地方不一致,需要注意:

            <plugin>
                <groupId>org.apache.tomcat.maven</groupId>
                <artifactId>tomcat7-maven-plugin</artifactId>
                <configuration>
                    <!-- 指定端口 -->
                    <port>8082</port>
                    <!-- 请求路径 -->
                    <path>/</path>
                </configuration>
            </plugin>

 

web.xml配置就不一样了,需要SpringMVC的东西:

技术图片
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<web-app xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
    xmlns="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee"
    xsi:schemaLocation="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee/web-app_2_5.xsd"
    version="2.5">
    <!-- 解决post乱码 -->
    <filter>
        <filter-name>CharacterEncodingFilter</filter-name>
        <filter-class>org.springframework.web.filter.CharacterEncodingFilter</filter-class>
        <init-param>
            <param-name>encoding</param-name>
            <param-value>utf-8</param-value>
        </init-param>
        <init-param>
            <param-name>forceEncoding</param-name>
            <param-value>true</param-value>
        </init-param>
    </filter>
    <filter-mapping>
        <filter-name>CharacterEncodingFilter</filter-name>
        <url-pattern>/*</url-pattern>
    </filter-mapping>

    <servlet>
        <servlet-name>springmvc</servlet-name>
        <servlet-class>org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet</servlet-class>
        <!-- 指定加载的配置文件 ,通过参数contextConfigLocation加载 -->
        <init-param>
            <param-name>contextConfigLocation</param-name>
            <param-value>classpath:springmvc.xml</param-value>
        </init-param>
    </servlet>

    <servlet-mapping>
        <servlet-name>springmvc</servlet-name>
        <url-pattern>*.do</url-pattern>
    </servlet-mapping>
</web-app>
View Code

 

然后就是在src/main/resources中写入SpringMVC的配置文件:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
    xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns:p="http://www.springframework.org/schema/p"
    xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
    xmlns:dubbo="http://code.alibabatech.com/schema/dubbo" xmlns:mvc="http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc"
    xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc/spring-mvc.xsd
        http://code.alibabatech.com/schema/dubbo http://code.alibabatech.com/schema/dubbo/dubbo.xsd
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/context http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context.xsd">
    <mvc:annotation-driven >
        <mvc:message-converters register-defaults="false">
            <bean class="org.springframework.http.converter.StringHttpMessageConverter">  
                <constructor-arg value="UTF-8" />
            </bean>  
        </mvc:message-converters>    
    </mvc:annotation-driven>
</beans>

 

接下来就是编码:

目录结构如下

技术图片

 

package org.dreamtech.demo.controller;

import org.dreamtech.demo.service.UserService;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Controller;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.ResponseBody;

import com.alibaba.dubbo.config.annotation.Reference;

@Controller
@RequestMapping("/user")
public class UserController {
    @Reference
    private UserService userService;
    @RequestMapping("/showName")
    @ResponseBody
    public String showName(){
        return userService.getName();
    }
}
package org.dreamtech.demo.service;

public interface UserService {
    public String getName();
}

 

注意,只是复制过来了接口,没有复制实现类

SpringMVC配置稍作修改:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
    xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns:p="http://www.springframework.org/schema/p"
    xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
    xmlns:dubbo="http://code.alibabatech.com/schema/dubbo" xmlns:mvc="http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc"
    xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc/spring-mvc.xsd
        http://code.alibabatech.com/schema/dubbo http://code.alibabatech.com/schema/dubbo/dubbo.xsd
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/context http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context.xsd">
    <mvc:annotation-driven>
        <mvc:message-converters register-defaults="false">
            <bean class="org.springframework.http.converter.StringHttpMessageConverter">
                <constructor-arg value="UTF-8" />
            </bean>
        </mvc:message-converters>
    </mvc:annotation-driven>
    <dubbo:application name="dubboxdemo-web" />
    <dubbo:registry address="zookeeper://192.168.25.100:2181" />
    <dubbo:annotation package="org.dreamtech.demo.controller" />
</beans>

 

接下来开始测试:

首先要确保CentOS服务器的Zookeeper正常运行

然后先启动服务提供方

再启动服务消费方

访问http://localhost:8082/user/showName

 

实际上,遇到了三个大坑,查阅很多资料之后才解决:

1.CentOS端口并没有开放,开启命令如下:

firewall-cmd --add-port=2181/tcp

验证是否成功开启:

firewall-cmd --query-port=2181/tcp

2.注意这个类,这里的@Service注解不能导入Spring的!

package org.dreamtech.demo.service.impl;

import org.dreamtech.demo.service.UserService;

import com.alibaba.dubbo.config.annotation.Service;

@Service
public class UserServiceImpl implements UserService {

    @Override
    public String getName() {
        return "dreamtech";
    }

}

 

3.JDK版本必须是1.7,如果是1.8可能会报错

 

正确情况如下:

技术图片

 

 

Dubbox管理中心部署:

使用MVN命令对源码进行编译:

mvn package -Dmaven.skip.test=true

编译后得到一个dubbo-admin.war

 

在CentOS上部署Tomcat,并在webapps放入dubbo-admin.war

启动Tomcat: ./startup.sh

开防火墙:

firewall-cmd --add-port=8080/tcp

 

后来发现这个dubbo-admin无法运行

排错之后发现是Linux的JDK版本太高

降低版本,之前在etc/profile里面export的是一个软链接,所以直接删掉软链接再新建就像

这样就可以方便地在JDK1.7到1.8之间切换

 

一切配完,就可以打开[CentOS IP]/dubbo-admin

输入默认账户名,密码root,进入,即可查看详情:

技术图片

Java大型项目开发(1):配置Dubbox

标签:spring容器   lte   patch   iba   报错   服务   play   alibaba   ade   

原文地址:https://www.cnblogs.com/xuyiqing/p/10512755.html

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