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吴裕雄 python 神经网络——TensorFlow训练神经网络:不使用激活函数

时间:2019-05-16 15:11:50      阅读:68      评论:0      收藏:0      [点我收藏+]

标签:parse   control   参数   tutorials   dev   生成   size   tput   feed   

import tensorflow as tf
from tensorflow.examples.tutorials.mnist import input_data

INPUT_NODE = 784     # 输入节点
OUTPUT_NODE = 10     # 输出节点
LAYER1_NODE = 500    # 隐藏层数       
                              
BATCH_SIZE = 100     # 每次batch打包的样本个数        

# 模型相关的参数
LEARNING_RATE_BASE = 0.01   
LEARNING_RATE_DECAY = 0.99    
REGULARAZTION_RATE = 0.0001   
TRAINING_STEPS = 5000        
MOVING_AVERAGE_DECAY = 0.99  

def inference(input_tensor, avg_class, weights1, biases1, weights2, biases2):
    # 不使用滑动平均类
    if avg_class == None:
        layer1 = tf.matmul(input_tensor, weights1) + biases1
        return tf.matmul(layer1, weights2) + biases2
    else:
        # 使用滑动平均类
        layer1 = tf.matmul(input_tensor, avg_class.average(weights1)) + avg_class.average(biases1)
        return tf.matmul(layer1, avg_class.average(weights2)) + avg_class.average(biases2)  
    
def train(mnist):
    x = tf.placeholder(tf.float32, [None, INPUT_NODE], name=x-input)
    y_ = tf.placeholder(tf.float32, [None, OUTPUT_NODE], name=y-input)
    # 生成隐藏层的参数。
    weights1 = tf.Variable(tf.truncated_normal([INPUT_NODE, LAYER1_NODE], stddev=0.1))
    biases1 = tf.Variable(tf.constant(0.1, shape=[LAYER1_NODE]))
    # 生成输出层的参数。
    weights2 = tf.Variable(tf.truncated_normal([LAYER1_NODE, OUTPUT_NODE], stddev=0.1))
    biases2 = tf.Variable(tf.constant(0.1, shape=[OUTPUT_NODE]))

    # 计算不含滑动平均类的前向传播结果
    y = inference(x, None, weights1, biases1, weights2, biases2)
    
    # 定义训练轮数及相关的滑动平均类 
    global_step = tf.Variable(0, trainable=False)
    variable_averages = tf.train.ExponentialMovingAverage(MOVING_AVERAGE_DECAY, global_step)
    variables_averages_op = variable_averages.apply(tf.trainable_variables())
    average_y = inference(x, variable_averages, weights1, biases1, weights2, biases2)
    
    # 计算交叉熵及其平均值
    cross_entropy = tf.nn.sparse_softmax_cross_entropy_with_logits(logits=y, labels=tf.argmax(y_, 1))
    cross_entropy_mean = tf.reduce_mean(cross_entropy)
    
    # 损失函数的计算
    regularizer = tf.contrib.layers.l2_regularizer(REGULARAZTION_RATE)
    regularaztion = regularizer(weights1) + regularizer(weights2)
    loss = cross_entropy_mean + regularaztion
    
    # 设置指数衰减的学习率。
    learning_rate = tf.train.exponential_decay(
        LEARNING_RATE_BASE,
        global_step,
        mnist.train.num_examples / BATCH_SIZE,
        LEARNING_RATE_DECAY,
        staircase=True)
    
    # 优化损失函数
    train_step = tf.train.GradientDescentOptimizer(learning_rate).minimize(loss, global_step=global_step)
    
    # 反向传播更新参数和更新每一个参数的滑动平均值
    with tf.control_dependencies([train_step, variables_averages_op]):
        train_op = tf.no_op(name=train)

    # 计算正确率
    correct_prediction = tf.equal(tf.argmax(average_y, 1), tf.argmax(y_, 1))
    accuracy = tf.reduce_mean(tf.cast(correct_prediction, tf.float32))
    
    # 初始化会话,并开始训练过程。
    with tf.Session() as sess:
        tf.global_variables_initializer().run()
        validate_feed = {x: mnist.validation.images, y_: mnist.validation.labels}
        test_feed = {x: mnist.test.images, y_: mnist.test.labels} 
        
        # 循环的训练神经网络。
        for i in range(TRAINING_STEPS):
            if i % 1000 == 0:
                validate_acc = sess.run(accuracy, feed_dict=validate_feed)
                print("After %d training step(s), validation accuracy using average model is %g " % (i, validate_acc))
            xs,ys=mnist.train.next_batch(BATCH_SIZE)
            sess.run(train_op,feed_dict={x:xs,y_:ys})
        test_acc=sess.run(accuracy,feed_dict=test_feed)
        print(("After %d training step(s), test accuracy using average model is %g" %(TRAINING_STEPS, test_acc)))
        
def main(argv=None):
    mnist = input_data.read_data_sets("E:\\MNIST_data", one_hot=True)
    train(mnist)

if __name__==__main__:
    main()

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吴裕雄 python 神经网络——TensorFlow训练神经网络:不使用激活函数

标签:parse   control   参数   tutorials   dev   生成   size   tput   feed   

原文地址:https://www.cnblogs.com/tszr/p/10875658.html

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