码迷,mamicode.com
首页 > 编程语言 > 详细

java ThreadLocal使用

时间:2019-07-12 18:52:21      阅读:26      评论:0      收藏:0      [点我收藏+]

标签:xtend   always   lis   col   nta   for   ret   cal   remove   

1、源码分析

此处以JDK1.8版本分析

1.1 set方法

  /**
     * Sets the current thread‘s copy of this thread-local variable
     * to the specified value.  Most subclasses will have no need to
     * override this method, relying solely on the {@link #initialValue}
     * method to set the values of thread-locals.
     *
     * @param value the value to be stored in the current thread‘s copy of
     *        this thread-local.
     */
    public void set(T value) {
        Thread t = Thread.currentThread();
        ThreadLocalMap map = getMap(t);
        if (map != null)
            map.set(this, value);
        else
            createMap(t, value);
    }

此处的ThreadLocalMap为ThreadLocal的一个内部类,用Entry来存储要设置的值。如下

   static class ThreadLocalMap {

        /**
         * The entries in this hash map extend WeakReference, using
         * its main ref field as the key (which is always a
         * ThreadLocal object).  Note that null keys (i.e. entry.get()
         * == null) mean that the key is no longer referenced, so the
         * entry can be expunged from table.  Such entries are referred to
         * as "stale entries" in the code that follows.
         */
        static class Entry extends WeakReference<ThreadLocal<?>> {
            /** The value associated with this ThreadLocal. */
            Object value;

            Entry(ThreadLocal<?> k, Object v) {
                super(k);
                value = v;
            }
        }
  }

看下getMap()方法,用于返回当前ThreadLocal维护的ThreadLocalMap对象,如下

    /**
     * Get the map associated with a ThreadLocal. Overridden in
     * InheritableThreadLocal.
     *
     * @param  t the current thread
     * @return the map
     */
    ThreadLocalMap getMap(Thread t) {
        return t.threadLocals;
    }

此处的t.threadLocals为当前Thread维护的ThreadLocalMap对象

  /* ThreadLocal values pertaining to this thread. This map is maintained
     * by the ThreadLocal class. */
    ThreadLocal.ThreadLocalMap threadLocals = null;

再看下createMap()方法,用于为当前Thread没有ThreadLocalMap时新建一个ThreadLocalMap,如下

  /**
     * Create the map associated with a ThreadLocal. Overridden in
     * InheritableThreadLocal.
     *
     * @param t the current thread
     * @param firstValue value for the initial entry of the map
     */
    void createMap(Thread t, T firstValue) {
        t.threadLocals = new ThreadLocalMap(this, firstValue);
    }

从源码中可以看出set方法过程:获取当前线程,并作为句柄去获取ThreadLocalMap,如果ThreadLocalMap存在,则以当前ThreadLocal对象为key,传入的对象为value进行存储。否则新建一个和当前线程相关联的ThreadLocalMap来存储。

1.2 get方法

  /**
     * Returns the value in the current thread‘s copy of this
     * thread-local variable.  If the variable has no value for the
     * current thread, it is first initialized to the value returned
     * by an invocation of the {@link #initialValue} method.
     *
     * @return the current thread‘s value of this thread-local
     */
    public T get() {
        Thread t = Thread.currentThread();
        ThreadLocalMap map = getMap(t);
        if (map != null) {
            ThreadLocalMap.Entry e = map.getEntry(this);
            if (e != null) {
                @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
                T result = (T)e.value;
                return result;
            }
        }
        return setInitialValue();
    }

从源码可以看出也是以当前线程为句柄获取ThreadLocalMap对象,如果存在则返回当前线程的ThreadLocal为key对应的值,否则设置初始值setInitialValue

    /**
     * Variant of set() to establish initialValue. Used instead
     * of set() in case user has overridden the set() method.
     *
     * @return the initial value
     */
    private T setInitialValue() {
        T value = initialValue();
        Thread t = Thread.currentThread();
        ThreadLocalMap map = getMap(t);
        if (map != null)
            map.set(this, value);
        else
            createMap(t, value);
        return value;
    }

其中initialValue返回null

/**
     * Returns the current thread‘s "initial value" for this
     * thread-local variable.  This method will be invoked the first
     * time a thread accesses the variable with the {@link #get}
     * method, unless the thread previously invoked the {@link #set}
     * method, in which case the {@code initialValue} method will not
     * be invoked for the thread.  Normally, this method is invoked at
     * most once per thread, but it may be invoked again in case of
     * subsequent invocations of {@link #remove} followed by {@link #get}.
     *
     * <p>This implementation simply returns {@code null}; if the
     * programmer desires thread-local variables to have an initial
     * value other than {@code null}, {@code ThreadLocal} must be
     * subclassed, and this method overridden.  Typically, an
     * anonymous inner class will be used.
     *
     * @return the initial value for this thread-local
     */
    protected T initialValue() {
        return null;
    }

1.3 remove()方法

    /**
     * Removes the current thread‘s value for this thread-local
     * variable.  If this thread-local variable is subsequently
     * {@linkplain #get read} by the current thread, its value will be
     * reinitialized by invoking its {@link #initialValue} method,
     * unless its value is {@linkplain #set set} by the current thread
     * in the interim.  This may result in multiple invocations of the
     * {@code initialValue} method in the current thread.
     *
     * @since 1.5
     */
     public void remove() {
         ThreadLocalMap m = getMap(Thread.currentThread());
         if (m != null)
             m.remove(this);
     }

从源码可以很容易看出remove的作用过程,不做详细分析。为了避免内存泄漏问题,尽量在当前线程处理完之后手动进行remove操作

2、总结

从上面的源码可以看出ThreadLocal设置的值和线程相关,可以理解为是线程的私有的访问区域,其他线程无法访问,实现了“数据隔离”效果。和解决并发问题和共享变量无关

每个Thread都维护者一个ThreadLocalMap的引用。

java ThreadLocal使用

标签:xtend   always   lis   col   nta   for   ret   cal   remove   

原文地址:https://www.cnblogs.com/kingsonfu/p/11177666.html

(0)
(0)
   
举报
评论 一句话评论(0
0条  
登录后才能评论!
© 2014 mamicode.com 版权所有 京ICP备13008772号-2
迷上了代码!