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Azure Messaging-ServiceBus Messaging消息队列技术系列6-消息回执

时间:2017-03-23 23:54:16      阅读:206      评论:0      收藏:0      [点我收藏+]

标签:manager   场景   on()   start   启动   tostring   get   ace   exists   

上篇博文中我们介绍了Azure Messaging的重复消息机制、At most once 和At least once.

 Azure Messaging-ServiceBus Messaging消息队列技术系列5-重复消息:at-least-once at-most-once

本文中我们主要研究并介绍Azure Messaging的消息回执机制:实际应用场景:

同步收发场景下,消息生产者和消费者双向应答模式,例如:张三写封信送到邮局中转站,然后李四从中转站获得信,然后在写一份回执信,放到中转站,然后张三去取,当然张三写信的时候就得写明回信地址。还

有,生成订单编号场景,发送一个生成订单编号的消息,消息消费者接收生成订单编号的消息,并通过消息回执返回。

Azure Messaging的消息回执机制主要通过:基于带会话的Queue/Topic、SessionId、ReplyTo属性来实现

在代码实现中,我们需要:

1. 两个工作线程,一个线程用于消息发送和接收回执消息,一个线程用于消息接收和发送消息回执。

2. 一个会话标识:ReceiptSession  

3. 两个队列Queue:RequestQueue:发送消息、接收消息,ResponseQueue:发送回执消息,接收回执消息。

直接Show Code:

首先,我们在ServiceBusMQManager增加一个线程安全的创建带回话的QueueClient方法:

private static object syncObj = new object();
        /// <summary>
        /// 获取要求会话带Session的QueueClient
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="queueName">队列名称</param>
        /// <returns>QueueClient</returns>
        public QueueClient GetSessionQueueClient(string queueName)
        {
            var namespaceClient = NamespaceManager.Create();
            if (!namespaceClient.QueueExists(queueName))
            {
                lock (syncObj)
                {
                    if (!namespaceClient.QueueExists(queueName))
                    {
                        var queue = new QueueDescription(queueName) { RequiresSession = true };
                        namespaceClient.CreateQueue(queue);
                    }
                }
            }

            return QueueClient.Create(queueName, ReceiveMode.ReceiveAndDelete);
        }

然后我们定义一些常量:

        private static readonly string ReplyToSessionId = "ReceiptSession";

        const double ResponseMessageTimeout = 20.0;

        private static readonly string requestQueueName = "RequestQueue";

        private static readonly string responseQueueName = "ResponseQueue";

实现发送并接收回执消息的方法:

        /// <summary>
        /// 发送并接收回执消息
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="bills"></param>
        public static void SendMessage()
        {
            var manager = new ServiceBusUtils();
            var responseClient = manager.GetSessionQueueClient(responseQueueName);
            var requestClient = manager.GetSessionQueueClient(requestQueueName);

            var messsageReceiver = responseClient.AcceptMessageSession(ReplyToSessionId);
            var order = CreateSalesOrder(1);

            //发送消息
            var message = new BrokeredMessage(order);
            message.Properties.Add("Type", order.GetType().ToString());
            message.SessionId = ReplyToSessionId;
            message.MessageId = "OrderMessage001";
            message.ReplyTo = responseQueueName;
            requestClient.Send(message);
            Console.WriteLine("Send message: " + message.MessageId + ", SalesOrder ID: " + order.OrderID);

            //接收消息回执
            var receivedMessage = messsageReceiver.Receive(TimeSpan.FromSeconds(ResponseMessageTimeout * 2));

            var receivedOrder = receivedMessage.GetBody<SalesOrder>();
            Console.WriteLine("Receive receipt message: " + receivedMessage.MessageId + ", SalesOrder ID: " + receivedOrder.OrderID);
            messsageReceiver.Close();
        }

实现接收消息并发送回执方法:

 1         /// <summary>
 2         /// 接收消息并回执
 3         /// </summary>
 4         public static void ReceiveMessage()
 5         {
 6             var manager = new ServiceBusUtils();
 7 
 8             var requestClient = manager.GetSessionQueueClient(requestQueueName);
 9             var session = requestClient.AcceptMessageSession();
10             var requestMessage = session.Receive();
11            
12             if (requestMessage != null)
13             {
14                 var receivedOrder = requestMessage.GetBody<SalesOrder>();
15                 Console.WriteLine("Receive message: " + requestMessage.MessageId + ", SalesOrder ID: " + receivedOrder.OrderID);
16 
17                 var responseMessage = new BrokeredMessage(receivedOrder);
18                 responseMessage.Properties.Add("Type", receivedOrder.GetType().ToString());
19                 responseMessage.ReplyToSessionId = ReplyToSessionId;
20                 responseMessage.MessageId = "ResponseOrderMessage001";
21                 responseMessage.SessionId = requestMessage.SessionId;
22                
23                 //发送回执消息
24                 var responseClient = manager.GetSessionQueueClient(requestMessage.ReplyTo);
25                 responseClient.Send(responseMessage);
26                 Console.WriteLine("Send receipt message: " + responseMessage.MessageId + ", SalesOrder ID: " + receivedOrder.OrderID);               
27             }
28         }

Main方法中,启动两个工作线程:一个线程用于消息发送和接收回执消息,一个线程用于消息接收和发送消息回执。

因为涉及到Azure Messaging中队列的第一次创建,Azure Messaging是不支持多个请求同时创建同一个队列的,因此,我们两个线程间做一个简单的Task.Delay(3000).Wait();

 1         static void Main(string[] args)
 2         {
 3             var sendTask = Task.Factory.StartNew(() => { SendMessage(); });
 4             Task.Delay(3000).Wait();
 5             var receiveTask = Task.Factory.StartNew(() => { ReceiveMessage(); });
 6 
 7             Task.WaitAll(sendTask, receiveTask);
 8 
 9             Console.ReadKey();           
10         }

我们看看程序输出:

技术分享

Azure 服务总线中的队列:

技术分享

可以看出:Azure Messaging-ServiceBus Messaging 基于带会话的Queue/Topic、SessionId、ReplyTo属性来实现消息回执机制。

 

周国庆

2017/3/23

 

Azure Messaging-ServiceBus Messaging消息队列技术系列6-消息回执

标签:manager   场景   on()   start   启动   tostring   get   ace   exists   

原文地址:http://www.cnblogs.com/tianqing/p/6607682.html

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