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洛谷P2947 [USACO09MAR]仰望Look Up

时间:2017-06-19 19:46:39      阅读:14      评论:0      收藏:0      [点我收藏+]

标签:cst   cow   str   which   line   分析   中文翻译   test   static   

P2947 [USACO09MAR]仰望Look Up

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    • 122提交
  • 题目提供者洛谷OnlineJudge
  • 标签USACO2009云端
  • 难度普及/提高-
  • 时空限制1s / 128MB

  讨论  题解  

最新讨论更多讨论

  • 中文翻译应当为向右看齐
  • 题目中文版范围。。

题目描述

Farmer John‘s N (1 <= N <= 100,000) cows, conveniently numbered 1..N, are once again standing in a row. Cow i has height H_i (1 <= H_i <= 1,000,000).

Each cow is looking to her left toward those with higher index numbers. We say that cow i ‘looks up‘ to cow j if i < j and H_i < H_j. For each cow i, FJ would like to know the index of the first cow in line looked up to by cow i.

Note: about 50% of the test data will have N <= 1,000.

约翰的N(1≤N≤10^5)头奶牛站成一排,奶牛i的身高是Hi(l≤Hi≤1,000,000).现在,每只奶牛都在向左看齐.对于奶牛i,如果奶牛j满足i<j且Hi<Hj,我们可以说奶牛i可以仰望奶牛j. 求出每只奶牛离她最近的仰望对象.

Input

输入输出格式

输入格式:

 

  • Line 1: A single integer: N

  • Lines 2..N+1: Line i+1 contains the single integer: H_i

 

输出格式:

 

  • Lines 1..N: Line i contains a single integer representing the smallest index of a cow up to which cow i looks. If no such cow exists, print 0.

 

输入输出样例

输入样例#1:
6 
3 
2 
6 
1 
1 
2 
输出样例#1:
3 
3 
0 
6 
6 
0 

说明

FJ has six cows of heights 3, 2, 6, 1, 1, and 2.

Cows 1 and 2 both look up to cow 3; cows 4 and 5 both look up to cow 6; and cows 3 and 6 do not look up to any cow.

分析:和前几题差不多,不过就是要记录一下每次栈顶的位置.

#include <cstdio>
#include <string>
#include <cstring>
#include <iostream>
#include <algorithm>

using namespace std;

int n,h[100010],ans[100010],stk[100010],top,num[100010];

int main()
{
    scanf("%d", &n);
    for (int i = 1; i <= n; i++)
        scanf("%d", &h[i]);

    for (int i = n; i >= 1; i--)
    {
        while (top != 0 && stk[top] <= h[i])
            top--;
        ans[i] = num[top];
        stk[++top] = h[i];
        num[top] = i;
    }
    for (int i = 1; i <= n; i++)
        printf("%d\n", ans[i]);

    return 0;
}

 

洛谷P2947 [USACO09MAR]仰望Look Up

标签:cst   cow   str   which   line   分析   中文翻译   test   static   

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