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CentOS7下RabbitMQ服务安装配置

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标签:href   www   prot   title   消息队列   listen   writer   ++   gcc   

RabbitMQ是流行的开源消息队列系统,是AMQP(Advanced Message Queuing Protocol高级消息队列协议)的标准实现,用erlang语言开发。RabbitMQ据说具有良好的性能和时效性,同时还能够非常好的支持集群和负载部署,非常适合在较大规模的分布式系统中使用,具体特性还在验证中,待检验。由于项目需要,安装并配置了RabbitMQ,服务器操作系统是CentOS7。具体步骤如下:

  安装依赖文件:

  yum install gcc glibc-devel make ncurses-devel openssl-devel xmlto

  1.Erlang安装配置

  下载安装包,地址http://www.erlang.org/downloads,我选择的是otp_src_18.3.tar.gz。

  然后解压文件:

[[email protected] rabbitmq]# tar -xzvf otp_src_18.3.tar.gz
[[email protected] rabbitmq]# cd otp_src_18.3/

  配置安装路径编译代码:

[[email protected] otp_src_18.3]# ./configure --prefix=/opt/erlang

  执行编译结果:

[[email protected] otp_src_18.3]# make && make install

  完成后进入/opt/erlang查看执行结果

[[email protected] rabbitmq]# cd /opt/erlang/
[[email protected] erlang]# erl
Erlang/OTP 18 [erts-7.3] [source] [64-bit] [smp:8:8] [async-threads:10] [hipe] [kernel-poll:false]

Eshell V7.3  (abort with ^G)
1>

  当出现以上信息时表示安装完成。然后输入’halt().’退出即可。

  然后在配置Erlang环境变量,vi /etc/profile文件,增加下面的环境变量:

#set erlang environment
export PATH=$PATH:/opt/erlang/bin


  source  /etc/profile使得文件生效

  在安装Erlang过程中,可能会遇到以下问题,一般都是因为系统中缺少相应的包引起的,缺少什么包直接yum安装即可。

  2.下载安装RabbitMq

[[email protected] rabbitmq]# weget http://www.rabbitmq.com/releases/rabbitmq-server/v3.6.1/rabbitmq-server-generic-unix-3.6.1.tar.xz

  解压文件

[[email protected] rabbitmq]# xz -d rabbitmq-server-generic-unix-3.6.1.tar.xz
[[email protected] rabbitmq]# tar -xvf rabbitmq-server-generic-unix-3.6.1.tar  -C /opt

  解压后进入文件夹/opt发现多了个文件夹rabbitmq-server-generic-unix-3.6.1 ,重命名为rabbitmq以便记忆。

  然后在配置rabbitmq环境变量,vi /etc/profile文件,增加下面的环境变量:

#set rabbitmq environment
export PATH=$PATH:/opt/rabbitmq/sbin

  source  /etc/profile使得文件生效

  3.RabbitMQ服务启动关闭

  以上就已经完成了RabbitMq的安装,怎么启动服务呢?

  启动服务:

[[email protected] rabbitmq]# cd sbin/
[[email protected] sbin]# ./rabbitmq-server -detached

  查看服务状态:

[[email protected] sbin]# ./rabbitmqctl status
Status of node [email protected] ...
[{pid,11849},
 {running_applications,
    [{rabbitmq_management,"RabbitMQ Management Console","3.6.1"},
      {rabbitmq_management_agent,"RabbitMQ Management Agent","3.6.1"},
      {rabbitmq_web_dispatch,"RabbitMQ Web Dispatcher","3.6.1"},
      {webmachine,"webmachine","1.10.3"},
      {amqp_client,"RabbitMQ AMQP Client","3.6.1"},
      {mochiweb,"MochiMedia Web Server","2.13.0"},
      {syntax_tools,"Syntax tools","1.7"},
      {ssl,"Erlang/OTP SSL application","7.3"},
      {public_key,"Public key infrastructure","1.1.1"},
      {asn1,"The Erlang ASN1 compiler version 4.0.2","4.0.2"},
      {crypto,"CRYPTO","3.6.3"},
      {compiler,"ERTS  CXC 138 10","6.0.3"},
      {inets,"INETS  CXC 138 49","6.2"},
      {rabbit,"RabbitMQ","3.6.1"},
      {mnesia,"MNESIA  CXC 138 12","4.13.3"},
      {rabbit_common,[],"3.6.1"},
      {xmerl,"XML parser","1.3.10"},
      {os_mon,"CPO  CXC 138 46","2.4"},
      {ranch,"Socket acceptor pool for TCP protocols.","1.2.1"},
      {sasl,"SASL  CXC 138 11","2.7"},
      {stdlib,"ERTS  CXC 138 10","2.8"},
      {kernel,"ERTS  CXC 138 10","4.2"}]},
 {os,{unix,linux}},
 {erlang_version,
    "Erlang/OTP 18 [erts-7.3] [source] [64-bit] [smp:8:8] [async-threads:64] [hipe] [kernel-poll:true]\n"},
 {memory,
    [{total,64111264},
      {connection_readers,0},
      {connection_writers,0},
      {connection_channels,0},
      {connection_other,2808},
      {queue_procs,2808},
      {queue_slave_procs,0},
      {plugins,367288},
      {other_proc,19041296},
      {mnesia,61720},
      {mgmt_db,158696},
      {msg_index,47120},
      {other_ets,1372440},
      {binary,128216},
      {code,27368230},
      {atom,992409},
      {other_system,14568233}]},
 {alarms,[]},
 {listeners,[{clustering,25672,"::"},{amqp,5672,"::"}]},
 {vm_memory_high_watermark,0.4},
 {vm_memory_limit,6556241100},
 {disk_free_limit,50000000},
 {disk_free,37431123968},
 {file_descriptors,
    [{total_limit,65435},
      {total_used,2},
      {sockets_limit,58889},
      {sockets_used,0}]},
 {processes,[{limit,1048576},{used,204}]},
 {run_queue,0},
 {uptime,412681},
 {kernel,{net_ticktime,60}}]

  关闭服务:

[[email protected] sbin]# ./rabbitmqctl stop
Stopping and halting node [email protected] ...

  4. 配置网页插件

  首先创建目录,否则可能报错:

mkdir /etc/rabbitmq


  然后启用插件:

./rabbitmq-plugins enable rabbitmq_management

  配置linux 端口 15672 网页管理  5672 AMQP端口
  然后访问http://localhost:15672即可 

  默认用户guest 密码guest

技术分享

  5. 远程访问配置

  默认网页是不允许访问的,需要增加一个用户修改一下权限,代码如下:

  添加用户:rabbitmqctl add_user hxb hxb

  添加权限:rabbitmqctl set_permissions -p "/" hxb ".*" ".*" ".*"

      修改用户角色rabbitmqctl set_user_tags hxb administrator

  然后就可以远程访问了,然后可直接配置用户权限等信息。

  

  6. rabbitmq常用命令

  add_user        <UserName> <Password>

  delete_user    <UserName>

  change_password <UserName> <NewPassword>

  list_users

  add_vhost    <VHostPath>

  delete_vhost <VHostPath>

  list_vhostsset_permissions  [-p <VHostPath>] <UserName> <Regexp> <Regexp> <Regexp>

  clear_permissions [-p <VHostPath>] <UserName>

  list_permissions  [-p <VHostPath>]

  list_user_permissions <UserName>

  list_queues    [-p <VHostPath>] [<QueueInfoItem> ...]

  list_exchanges [-p <VHostPath>] [<ExchangeInfoItem> ...]

  list_bindings  [-p <VHostPath>]

  list_connections [<ConnectionInfoItem> ...]

CentOS 5.6 安装RabbitMQ http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2013-02/79508.htm

RabbitMQ客户端C++安装详细记录 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2012-02/53521.htm

用Python尝试RabbitMQ http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2011-12/50653.htm

RabbitMQ集群环境生产实例部署 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2012-10/72720.htm

Ubuntu下PHP + RabbitMQ使用 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2010-07/27309.htm

在CentOS上安装RabbitMQ流程 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2011-12/49610.htm

RabbitMQ概念及环境搭建 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2014-12/110449.htm

RabbitMQ入门教程  http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2015-02/113983.htm

CentOS7下RabbitMQ服务安装配置

标签:href   www   prot   title   消息队列   listen   writer   ++   gcc   

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