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IO流——各种流整理

时间:2019-10-10 00:27:42      阅读:38      评论:0      收藏:0      [点我收藏+]

标签:需要   指定   line   bytes   一个   copy   col   javac   vat   

 最简单的,不加任何修饰的字节输入流

 1 /*
 2  * 最简单的,不加任何修饰的字节输入流
 3  */
 4 import java.io.FileInputStream;
 5 
 6 public class Demo_01 {
 7     public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
 8         FileInputStream file=new FileInputStream("D:\\myjavacode\\IO\\src\\abc.txt");
 9             int temp =-1;
10             while((temp=file.read())!=-1) {
11                 System.out.println((char)temp);
12             }
13             file.close();
14     }
15 }

用数组做缓冲容器

 1 import java.io.FileInputStream;
 2 
 3 /*
 4  * 用数组做缓冲容器
 5  */
 6 public class Demo_02 {
 7 public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
 8     FileInputStream file=new FileInputStream("D:\\myjavacode\\IO\\src\\abc.txt");
 9     byte[] flush=new byte[1024];  //1M大小的缓冲,一次读取1024字节,提高效率
10     int len =-1;
11     while((len=file.read(flush))!=-1) {
12         String data=new String(flush,0,len);
13         System.out.println(data);
14         }
15     file.close();
16     }
17 }

字节文件输出流:

 1 import java.io.FileOutputStream;
 2 
 3 /*
 4  * 字节文件输出流
 5  */
 6 public class Demo_03 {
 7 
 8     public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
 9         FileOutputStream file=new FileOutputStream("D:\\myjavacode\\IO\\src\\abc.txt",true);  //可以选加Boolean类型,True表示可以追加写
10         String data="\nhello world!";
11         byte[] datas=data.getBytes();
12         file.write(datas);
13         file.flush();  //每写入一次后要清理缓存
14         file.close();
15     }
16 
17 }

文本文件字符输入流

 1 import java.io.FileNotFoundException;
 2 import java.io.FileReader;
 3 
 4 /*
 5  *文本文件字符输入流
 6  */
 7 public class Demo_04 {
 8     public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
 9         FileReader reader=new FileReader("D:\\myjavacode\\IO\\src\\abc.txt");
10         char[] flush=new char[100];    //建立一个缓冲区
11         int len=-1;
12         while((len=reader.read(flush))!=-1) {
13             String str=new String(flush,0,len);
14             System.out.println(str);
15         }
16         reader.close();
17     }
18 }

文本文件字符输出流

 1 import java.io.FileWriter;
 2 import java.io.IOException;
 3 
 4 /*
 5  * 文本文件字符输出流
 6  */
 7 public class Demo_05 {
 8 
 9     public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
10         // TODO Auto-generated method stub
11         FileWriter writer=new FileWriter("D:\\myjavacode\\IO\\src\\abc.txt",true);  //可以带是否追加的Boolean类型
12         char[] datas="hello".toCharArray();
13         writer.write(datas);
14         writer.append("hello");
15         writer.flush();
16         writer.close();
17     }
18 }

字节数组输入流

 1 import java.io.ByteArrayInputStream;
 2 import java.io.IOException;
 3 
 4 /*
 5  * 字节数组输入流
 6  */
 7 public class Demo_06 {
 8 
 9     public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
10         byte[] datas="hello world1".getBytes();
11         ByteArrayInputStream by=new ByteArrayInputStream(datas);
12         byte[] flush=new byte[100];  //建立一个缓冲区
13         int len=-1;
14         while((len=by.read(flush))!=-1) {
15             String data=new String(flush,0,len);
16             System.out.println(data);
17         }
18         //字节数组流,不需要关闭,空方法
19     }
20 }

字节数组输出流:

 1 import java.io.ByteArrayOutputStream;
 2 import java.io.IOException;
 3 
 4 /*
 5  * 字节数组输出流
 6  */
 7 public class Demo_07 {
 8     public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
 9         ByteArrayOutputStream out=new ByteArrayOutputStream();  //字节数组输出流不指定资源,可以传一个int类型做缓冲区大小
10         byte[] datas="hello".getBytes();
11         out.write(datas);  //写入流
12         out.flush();
13         
14         //从流中读出
15         String data=new String(out.toByteArray());
16         System.out.println(data);
17         out.close();
18     }
19 }

 由文件转换为字节数组流,再由字节数组流转换为文件

 1 import java.io.ByteArrayInputStream;
 2 import java.io.ByteArrayOutputStream;
 3 import java.io.FileInputStream;
 4 import java.io.FileNotFoundException;
 5 import java.io.FileOutputStream;
 6 
 7 /*
 8  * 由文件转换为字节数组流,再由字节数组流转换为文件
 9  */
10 public class Demo_08 {
11     
12     //由文件转换为字节数组
13     public static byte[]FiletoByteArray(String filepath) throws Exception{
14         FileInputStream in=new FileInputStream(filepath);
15         ByteArrayOutputStream out=new ByteArrayOutputStream();
16         int len=-1;
17         byte[] brush=new byte[1024];
18         while((len=in.read(brush))!=-1) {
19             out.write(brush, 0, len);
20             out.flush();
21         }
22         in.close();
23         return out.toByteArray();  //字节数组流可以不关闭,关闭close()没有任何效果,空方法
24     }
25     //由字节数组转换为文件
26     public static void ByteArrayToFile(byte[] datas,String filename) throws Exception {
27         /*这样简单写应该也可以吧
28         FileOutputStream out = new FileOutputStream(filename);
29         out.write(datas);
30         out.flush();
31         out.close();
32         */
33         FileOutputStream out = new FileOutputStream(filename);
34         ByteArrayInputStream in=new ByteArrayInputStream(datas);
35         byte[] datass=new byte[1024];
36         int len=-1;
37         while((len=in.read(datass))!=-1) {
38             out.write(datass, 0, len);
39             out.flush();
40         }
41         out.close();
42     }
43 
44     public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
45         byte[] datas=FiletoByteArray("C:\\Users\\user\\Desktop\\copy盲打指示.jpg");
46         ByteArrayToFile(datas,"D:\\myjavacode\\IO\\src\\IO_image.jpg");
47     }
48 
49 }

 装饰缓冲流BufferedInputStream
 * Buffered作为装饰流只需套在节点流外面即可,提高了流的效率
 * 字符缓冲流比字符流提供了更加便利的操作方法,比如读取下一行,换行等操作,操作字符流最好都加Buffered缓冲流
 * 下面演示了BufferedReader和BufferedWriter字符缓冲流类
 

 1 import java.io.BufferedReader;
 2 import java.io.BufferedWriter;
 3 import java.io.FileReader;
 4 import java.io.FileWriter;
 5 import java.io.IOException;
 6 /*
 7  * 装饰缓冲流BufferedInputStream
 8  * Buffered作为装饰流只需套在节点流外面即可,提高了流的效率
 9  * 字符缓冲流比字符流提供了更加便利的操作方法,比如读取下一行,换行等操作
10  * 下面演示了BufferedReader和BufferedWriter字符缓冲流类
11  * 
12  */
13 public class Demo_09 {
14 
15     public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException {
16         BufferedReader reader=new BufferedReader(new FileReader("D:\\myjavacode\\IO\\src\\abc.txt"));
17         BufferedWriter writer=new BufferedWriter(new FileWriter("D:\\myjavacode\\IO\\src\\abc_1.txt"));
18         String line;
19         while((line=reader.readLine())!=null) {  //逐行读取
20             System.out.println(line);
21             writer.write(line);
22             writer.newLine();
23             writer.flush();
24         }
25         writer.close();
26         reader.close();
27     }
28 
29 }

转换流,由字节流转换为字符流,字符流转换为字节流
 * InputStreamReader和InputStreamWriter
 

 1 import java.io.BufferedReader;
 2 import java.io.BufferedWriter;
 3 import java.io.FileInputStream;
 4 import java.io.FileNotFoundException;
 5 import java.io.FileOutputStream;
 6 import java.io.InputStreamReader;
 7 import java.io.OutputStreamWriter;
 8 
 9 /*
10  * 转换流,由字节流转换为字符流,字符流转换为字节流
11  * InputStreamReader和InputStreamWriter
12  */
13 public class Demo_10 {
14 
15     public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
16         //将字节流转化为字符输入流
17         FileInputStream inbyte=new FileInputStream("D:\\myjavacode\\IO\\src\\abc.txt");
18         InputStreamReader in=new InputStreamReader(inbyte);  //转换为字符流,in为字符流
19         BufferedReader read=new BufferedReader(in);  //赋予缓冲区,提高效率,便于操作,有reader和writer最好都加上装饰缓冲流
20         read.readLine();  //可以执行字符操作
21         
22         //再转换为字符输出流
23         FileOutputStream out=new FileOutputStream("D:/myjavacode/IO/src/abc1.txt");
24         OutputStreamWriter awrite=new OutputStreamWriter(out);
25         BufferedWriter write=new BufferedWriter(awrite);
26         String line=null;
27         while((line=read.readLine())!=null) {
28             write.write(line);
29             write.newLine();
30             write.flush();
31         }
32         write.close();
33         read.close();
34     }
35 
36 }

数据流:DataOutputStream , DataInputStream
 * 1、写出后读取
 * 2、读取的顺序与写出保持一致

 

 1 import java.io.BufferedInputStream;
 2 import java.io.BufferedOutputStream;
 3 import java.io.ByteArrayInputStream;
 4 import java.io.ByteArrayOutputStream;
 5 import java.io.DataInputStream;
 6 import java.io.DataOutputStream;
 7 
 8 /**
 9  * 数据流:DataOutputStream , DataInputStream
10  * 1、写出后读取
11  * 2、读取的顺序与写出保持一致
12  * */
13 public class Demo_11 {
14 
15     public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
16         ByteArrayOutputStream baos =new ByteArrayOutputStream();
17         DataOutputStream dos =new DataOutputStream(new BufferedOutputStream(baos));
18         //操作数据类型 +数据
19         dos.writeUTF("房廷飞");
20         dos.writeInt(18);
21         dos.writeBoolean(false);
22         dos.writeChar(‘a‘);
23         dos.flush();
24         byte[] datas =baos.toByteArray();
25         System.out.println(datas.length);
26         //读取
27         DataInputStream dis =new DataInputStream(new BufferedInputStream(new ByteArrayInputStream(datas)));
28         //顺序与写出一致
29         String msg = dis.readUTF(); 
30         int age = dis.readInt();
31         boolean flag = dis.readBoolean();
32         char ch = dis.readChar();
33         System.out.println(flag);
34     }
35 
36 }

 

 * 对象流:序列化和反序列化

 1 import java.io.BufferedInputStream;
 2 import java.io.BufferedOutputStream;
 3 import java.io.ByteArrayInputStream;
 4 import java.io.ByteArrayOutputStream;
 5 import java.io.FileInputStream;
 6 import java.io.FileOutputStream;
 7 import java.io.IOException;
 8 import java.io.ObjectInputStream;
 9 import java.io.ObjectOutputStream;
10 import java.io.Serializable;
11 import java.util.Date;
12 /*
13  * 对象流:序列化和反序列化
14  */
15 public class Demo_12 {
16     public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException, ClassNotFoundException {
17         // 写出 -->序列化
18         ObjectOutputStream oos = new ObjectOutputStream(new BufferedOutputStream(new FileOutputStream("obj.ser")));
19 /*往字节数组中写
20         ByteArrayOutputStream out = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
21         ObjectOutputStream oos2 = new ObjectOutputStream(new BufferedOutputStream(out));
22 */
23         // 操作数据类型 +数据
24         oos.writeUTF("编码辛酸泪");
25         oos.writeInt(18);
26         oos.writeBoolean(false);
27         oos.writeChar(‘a‘);
28         // 对象
29         oos.writeObject("谁解其中味");
30         oos.writeObject(new Date());
31         Employee emp = new Employee("房廷飞", 8000);
32         oos.writeObject(emp);
33         oos.flush();
34         oos.close();
35         // 读取 -->反序列化
36         ObjectInputStream ois = new ObjectInputStream(new BufferedInputStream(new FileInputStream("obj.ser")));
37         /*从字节数组中取
38         ByteArrayInputStream in=new ByteArrayInputStream(out.toByteArray());
39         ObjectInputStream ois2 = new ObjectInputStream(new BufferedInputStream(in));
40         */
41         // 顺序与写出一致
42         String msg = ois.readUTF();
43         int age = ois.readInt();
44         boolean flag = ois.readBoolean();
45         char ch = ois.readChar();
46         System.out.println(flag);
47         // 对象的数据还原
48         Object str = ois.readObject();
49         Object date = ois.readObject();
50         Object employee = ois.readObject();
51 
52         if (str instanceof String) {
53             String strObj = (String) str;
54             System.out.println(strObj);
55         }
56         if (date instanceof Date) {
57             Date dateObj = (Date) date;
58             System.out.println(dateObj);
59         }
60         if (employee instanceof Employee) {
61             Employee empObj = (Employee) employee;
62             System.out.println(empObj.getName() + "-->" + empObj.getSalary());
63         }
64         ois.close();
65     }
66 }
67 class Employee implements Serializable{
68     private int salary;
69     private String name;
70     public Employee(String name,int salary) {
71         super();
72         this.salary = salary;
73         this.name = name;
74     }
75     public int getSalary() {
76         return salary;
77     }
78     public void setAge(int age) {
79         this.salary = age;
80     }
81     public String getName() {
82         return name;
83     }
84     public void setName(String name) {
85         this.name = name;
86     }
87 }

 

IO流——各种流整理

标签:需要   指定   line   bytes   一个   copy   col   javac   vat   

原文地址:https://www.cnblogs.com/fangtingfei/p/11604783.html

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